EDU505 – Unit II Historical Events & Trends

Unit 2.1 DB: Historical Events and Trends

This week we are discussing historical events and trends. I wanted to elaborate on some of Benjamin Franklin’s ideas and inventions.

“ENGLISH SCHOOL”

“Franklin’s idea of an “English School” (or grammar school) curriculum formed the basis of this school into the Revolutionary era. The curriculum, as laid out by Franklin in his Idea of the English School, Sketch’d out for the Consideration of the Trustees of the Philadelphia Academy, progressed as follows:

First (or lowest) Class – English grammar; spelling, reading Croxall’s Fables and little stories
Second Class – Reading, with proper emphasis and modulation; Spectator recommended; meaning of sentences; grammar
Third Class – Speaking properly and gracefully; elements of rhetoric; “Rollin’s Ancient and Roman Histories” and English history used as readers; “natural and mechanic history,” as in Spectacle de la Nature
Fourth Class – Composition, boys to write letters to one another, penmanship, ethics, history, geography, use of maps and globes
Fifth Class – Letter writing, essays in prose and verse, logic
Sixth (or highest) Class – History, rhetoric, logic, moral and natural philosophy – all these continued; reading and explaining the best English authors, as Tillotson, Milton, Locke, Addison, Pope, Swift, “the higher papers in the Spectator and Guardian,” and “the best translations of Homer, Virgil and Horace, of Telemachus, Travels of Cyrus, etc”. (THE ACADEMY: Curriculum and Organization. (n.d.). Retrieved January 20, 2016, from http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/1700s/acad_curric.html).

Reference: http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/features/1700s/acad_curric.html

Why was the event significant in the past?
Professor and class, this was interesting to know that so many events have occurred in history, which have inspired how we educate today. I wanted to expound on how Benjamin Franklin help start the first English Academy. The academy focused on the core courses that we as students have taken in our time at grade school up through high school. Benjamin Franklin set the standards for Americans to embrace subjects such as history, geography as well as classical languages. I can recall my teachers for history, geography and language classes. Those were truly indeed some of my favorite classes taken. Benjamin Franklin attended grammar school when he was a child and also had some private tutors. He devoted his personal time to his self-education. I feel that Benjamin Franklin did not want to see anyone not succeed. There is some information that I did not know, which is being referenced above. I feel that Benjamin Franklin also started the first school days curriculum as mentioned above/ The first class was learning the basics, such as grammar, and as the classes continued, the classes progressively were harder and even challenging. Benjamin Franklin was pioneer who always placed learning in his priority and wanted others to do the same and follow his path and success in regards to lifelong learning. I feel that Benjamin Franklin set the standards high for educators to follow, and I am glad that we still see reflections of his work in school curriculums today.

How is this event impacting education today?
Professor and class, just as I stated in question one, these are classes that are core prerequisites for graduating. Even for some college degrees, the classes that Benjamin Franklin set standards for pave the way for most students to either graduate from high school or earn their under graduate degrees. As students, having an understanding of the basics is the backbone of learning. Knowing where we come from as Americans, understanding what our forefathers have done to better the Americas and truly embrace why such significant events have occurred in the past bridges the gap of different eras in history.

Do you think this event will still be impacting education 5 year into the future? Please explain why or why not.
Professor and class, I feel that these common subjects will not be removed from the curriculum because this is the backbone of learning. Each subject connects to another subject and expounds on each other. I do not feel that these common core subjects will be going anywhere. As I stated in question (1), Benjamin Franklin set the standards for curriculum across the world to follow.

Reference: http://www.benjaminfranklinhouse.org/site/sections/education/Benjamin%20Franklin%20House%20and%20the%20new%20National%20Curriculum%20-%20Primary%20School%20Visits.pdf

Note – there are so many significant events that have paved the way for how and what we do in school today. The University of Phoenix paved the way for higher learning so that students like us can continue to pursue lifelong learning. I can honestly say that I never knew that University of Phoenix was the first to kick off accredited college level distance learning.

• James Pillans invented the modern blackboard, which is a tool of online eLearning that we utilize on a daily basis to communicate with professors and students alike. This modern blackboard is the classroom for online students.

I wanted to highlight some significant events in education that caught my attention which are annotated below.

1751 – Benjamin Franklin helps to establish the first “English Academy” in Philadelphia with a curriculum that is both classical and modern, including such courses as history, geography, navigation, surveying, and modern as well as classical languages. The academy ultimately becomes the University of Pennsylvania. Sass, E. (2014, Feb 13). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline.

1801 – James Pillans invents the modern blackboard. Sass, E. (2014, Feb 13). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline

http://education.cu-portland.edu/blog/reference-material/the-history-of-the-classroom-blackboard/

1981 – IBM introduces its version of the personal computer (PC) with its Model 5150. Its operating system is MS-DOS. Sass, E. (2014, Feb 13). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline.

1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0, the first independent version of Windows, is released, setting the stage for subsequent versions that make MS-DOS obsolete. Sass, E. (2014, Feb 13). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline.

1989 – The University of Phoenix establishes their “online campus,” the first to offer online bachelors and master’s degrees. It becomes the “largest private university in North America.” Sass, E. (2014, Feb 13). American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline.

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